You can track students progress from one course or course group to another over time by comparing enrollments in one Time Period to enrollments by the same student in a different Time Period.
Go to Reports and run Progression at School Report. Select your filters by choosing what to look at. The results will show students who met the rules of the "From" and also meet the results of the "To".
Results will include Student Name & ID, Gender and the count of enrollments that meet Time Period From and the count of enrollments that meet Time Period To.